How Do Hostels Work? (Everything You Must Know) • Indie Traveller

I love hostels! I’ve stayed in many hundreds of them around the world, in places ranging from New York to London to Tokyo — and from Cali in Colombia to Yerevan in Armenia.

Hostels are inexpensive places to stay, but they’re so much more than that. A good hostel can feel like a home away from home. They can also be places to connect with interesting people from around the world.

Hostels have always been an essential part of how I travel. I always want to tell new travellers to give them a try, because they can make (budget) travel so much easier and more fun.

But it’s important to know what to expect. And the exact type of hostel you stay in can also make a huge difference.

Umm, so what is a hostel?

It’s not a silly question!

A hostel is a type of budget accommodation, typically offering shared dormitories as well as (usually) some budget-friendly private rooms. Most hostels offer a shared lounge, kitchen facilities, and other traveler-focused amenities. 

At least, that’s the basic definition. However, hostels can differ a lot in terms of their style and the type of guests. There are basically two types of hostels that I’ve come accross:

  1. Traditional ‘youth hostels’. These are meant mostly for students or young people and are typically supported by charitable organisations or universities. Hostelling International, or HI, is the largest such organisation. I’m not usually a fan of these hostels as they’re very simple and not necessary for tourists/travellers. Some youth hostels have a sterile ‘school cafeteria’ type of atmosphere. 
  2. Backpacker hostels. These funky and creative hostels are often independently run, providing a place to sleep for travellers and backpackers. Think of these more as hotels, except they’re much cheaper and offer dormitory beds or basic rooms. They also try to foster a welcoming and communal atmosphere, so these are both budget-friendly and super fun places to stay.

Occasionally the line between these two types gets a bit blurry, but I will be mostly talking about backpacker hostels here.

By far the best site for hostels is Hostelworld, which has the most listings and lets you book a hostel without cancellation fees. They list backpacker-type hostels.

R10 Hostel, Bogota

What do hostels provide?

Back in my parents’ days, hostels had a reputation for being pretty grubby places, with no bed linen provided and barely a working shower.

But the modern hostel scene is very different and many of them offer great amenities these days. Some have even gone more premium and are trying to compete with hotels. By checking review scores on Hostelworld, you can easily find the best hostels in your destination.

At a minimum, a hostel will provide you with:

  • a bed in a dormitory or a basic room
  • (shared) bathroom facilities
  • free WiFi

The type of bed offered in dorms depends; some modern hostels have custom-built sleeping pods with USB chargers and individual reading lights. Basic hostels in adventure travel destinations may just have some metal frame bunk beds or mattresses on a bed made of recycled pallets. Some hostels have basically orthopaedic mattresses, others less so.

Beyond this, hostels will try to make you feel at home. They might have a living room-style common room, kitchen facilities, computers, board games, a pool table, or other amenities or facilities.

At reception you can often sign up for group activities or tours, get your laundry done, get some help with bookings, or browse some travel guides. Some hostels have bicycles you can rent for the day for your sightseeing, or offer language classes to travellers wanting to learn the local lingo. Sometimes there’s a bar where you can have drinks and meet other travellers. 

Some hostels also provide a basic breakfast, though this is rarely anything more glamorous than toast with jam, fruit, and some coffee.

Stone City Hostel, Albania

Do hostels provide bedding?

Definitely! Bedding is basically always provided nowadays. I have stayed in hundreds of hostels around the world and this has never been a problem. Even in, say, the remotest parts of the desolate Bolivian Andes, they’ll still give you sheets and a blanket. Don’t worry about your sleeping bag—you can leave it at home.

I’ve only heard of one hostel in Amsterdam that is ultra cheap and doesn’t provide any bedding. But this is a very rare example, and I think partly they do it as a stunt to get people talking.

It’s normal for hostels to include bedding. A difference from hotels is that they might sometimes ask you to take the linen and duvet to reception when you check out, so they can more easily collect them.

Do hostels provide towels?

Only sometimes. Hostels in Western countries do often give you one, if not for free then on request for a few extra dollars or euros. If you stay in a private room in a hostel then that will usually include a towel, though dorm room guests often have to do without. In developing countries, towels are much less often included. 

Hostel in Bangkok Thailand
Yard Hostel in Bangkok, Thailand

What should I pack for my hostel stay?

Only a couple of things. First, be sure to buy a lightweight microfibre travel towel. I guess you could also pack a normal towel, but this type of travel towel is easier to pack, lightweight, and dries much more quickly. Even if some hostels offer towels, it’s good to have a backup.

Bring a padlock so you can secure your belongings. Hostels often have lockers, especially for the dorms. It’s best to get a combination padlock so that you never need to worry about losing the key.

Finally, bring earplugs. If there’s a snorer in your room (yeah, it does happen sometimes), you’ll be glad to have them.

Consider packing some flip-flops, especially if you’re going to be using shared bathroom facilities.

Other than that, pack whatever you normally need for your travels.

How to pick the right hostels

Your best bet is always to check the reviews and listings on booking sites. Hostelworld is by far the biggest platform, having utterly usurped its competitors many years ago. But you can also find many hostels listed on If you’re travelling around a country for a while, then word-of-mouth can also be a powerful way to find amazing hostels. 

Casa Loma hostel in Minca, Colombia

Check the user ratings on Hostelworld which are usually quite reliable. For me, anywhere above a 7.0 will be fine. Anywhere above 8.5 and it’s going to be amazing. Pay attention also to the individual ratings for Cleanliness, Location, and above all, Atmosphere.

Consider the hostel’s size. I prefer medium-sized hostels myself; big enough to be social, but small enough to be cozy. Sadly, sites like Hostelworld don’t directly tell you the size of a hostel, but you can guess from the number of rooms (select some distant future date to see the full availability). If there’s a choice from, say, 7 different rooms, it’s probably a nice-size hostel. If you get a list of 25 rooms, it’s a factory.

Keep an eye out for extras. Look for any special features that may appeal to you, such as free breakfast, a bar or rooftop patio, bicycle rental, outdoor pool, etc. In some rare cases, hostels offer daily family-style dinners that you can sign up for (often in more remote locations without restaurants). These hostels are amazing for meeting other travellers as this set up forces everyone at the same dinner table every night.

Always read the hostel and room descriptions. Every hostel may have different rules, so it’s important to find one that fits what you’re looking for. Do you want a party hostel or do you want a hostel with enforced quiet time? It can make or break your stay if you end up in a hostel with a different atmosphere than you were wanting.

Central American hostel
Little Morgan’s Hostel in Nicaragua

Are there age limits for hostels?

Yeah, sometimes. Certain hostels may be 18+ only, not wanting to deal with families. Others are all-ages and family/baby-friendly. Some are up to around age 35 – 40 only.

I first stayed in a hostel when I was 16 on a trip to London. I’m now 39 and still stay in backpacker hostels regularly, though a bit less often and only in specific ones. I absolutely avoid party hostels; you’ll recognize these easily as they will heavily promote their happy hour or have pictures of young partying travellers. I like hostels that have, for lack of a more specific term, a “traveller vibe”. 

It also depends on the destination. At my age, I really like hostels in South America where travellers are usually a bit older (or there’s a mix of ages) or maybe in more off-the-beaten-path places in Asia. I’m less inclined to stay in a hostel in Australia (mostly 18-year-olds there) or in a hostel in a major European capital where it’s mostly very young city trippers.

If you’re an older traveller it does help if you’ve stayed in hostels a bit when you were younger. It’s not weird to stay in a hostel if you’re above a certain age, but it may be weird if you’re clueless about what hostels are.

Hostel Seixe, Odeceixe, Portugal

What’s it like staying in a hostel?

It depends! There are many kinds of hostels to suit the tastes of many kinds of travelers.

But there are some general trends in how hostels are set up and designed in different parts of the world.

This is generalizing huuuugely, but here’s how I’ve experienced hostels in different regions:

Europe: Chain hostels are well established and they’re not always so great (avoid Hosteling International). But Europe also has some of the world’s best and most award-winning independent hostels. I think the European backpacker hostels often hit just the spot by offering a cosy atmosphere and plenty of amenities. Prices are often in the €15 to €20 range, though this can rise to €30 a night in places like London or Paris, or dip to around €10 in Eastern Europe or the Balkans. Quality is typically high and some top European hostels achieve ratings in the 9.5 – 10 range on Hostelworld. Some countries, like Portugal, are especially known for their amazing hostels.

Bodhi hostel, Panama

Southeast Asia and Latin America: I love the hostel vibe in tropical countries. In the larger cities, the hostels are often new and modern, though you’ll find more bohemian-style hostels in the countryside. Many beach- and surfer hostels are constructed from wood or bamboo and have many hammocks for you to chill. Prices can be as low as USD $5 a night (hi there, Cambodia) and might top out at around $15 to $20 a night in the bigger cities or the more touristy destinations. Hostelworld scores in the 9.5+ range are a bit rarer around these parts (due to differing standards of development), but anything above 8.5 is going to be pretty great.

United States: there’s no polite way to say this… if you ask me, hostels in America in general are not the best. I am not saying that to be mean, just to set expectations. Many are of the lame ‘youth hostelling’ variety, while others try to be backpacker hostels but don’t quite get it, their common rooms somehow resembling chain coffee shops or lifeless airport lounges. These are not proper hostels, America! In a hostel in NYC I was once told off for — gasp — daring to drink a beer in the lounge. (I guess building codes or local laws can get in the way of having a normal hostel.)

Anyway, if your first hostel stay is in America, don’t assume European or Asian hostels will be exactly the same, although I’m generalizing wildly and there are some fantastic exceptions in some of the major cities in the US. I’ve stayed in some US hostels that were pretty close to what they’re like in other countries.

American hostel
A hostel in the US

So you’ve arrived  – now what?

Hostels may be cheaper than hotels, but with a lower price also comes higher responsibility. Usually, the receptionist will give you a quick tour and tell you anything you need to know for your stay, including the hostel rules. Having good hostel etiquette and being respectful can make your stay better because everyone will be happy!

If there’s a kitchen, they’ll probably ask you to wash your own dishes. I know you just can’t wait to eat your backpacker’s meal of rice and chicken, but remember you’re in a shared space and someone may be waiting to use the pot you just cooked with. If there’s a fridge, you’ll have to label any food you want to keep.

If you stay in a dorm, be nice to your roommates. Introduce yourself; you don’t need to become best buds with everyone, but it’s nice to at least say hi and exchange names/nationalities. 

Keep things tidy! Put things in lockers or chests if they are provided, otherwise keep your pile of stuff separate from other people’s stuff.

For the love of all, don’t turn on the lights in the middle of the night. No one likes that, ever! If you’re leaving early the next day, pack your stuff before you go to bed. 

Simabo’s Backpackers’ Hostel, Mindelo, Cape Verde

Final words on hostels

Hostels are not hotels, and that’s the great thing about them.

Treat a hostel as your home away from home. They’re meant to be fun and sociable places, and the best of them make you feel part of a big travel family. You can often get amazing travel tips from other guests, or at the very least from the hostel staff, and you may even be invited to join activities or go to places you may not have heard of before your trip.

Although you don’t have to be social, you’ll get the most out of hostels by not being a hermit. Don’t be shy; people in hostels fully expect you to say hi to them. If you want to chill, maybe grab a book from the book exchange and find yourself a comfy couch or hammock. Or if you’re in a social mood, go chat with other travellers in the common room.

One thing is for sure, though: hostels definitely aren’t the super basic forms of accommodation they once were. If you want to give hostels a try, look for one with premium facilities or a solid score, and see how it goes!

Some links may be affiliate links, meaning I may earn commission from products or services I recommend. For more, see site policies.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *